THE PENELOPIAD BY MARGARET ATWOOD
If you are keen on Greek mythology - this book is for you.
If you are fond of contemporary interpretation of myths - this book was written just for you.
If you have an inquisitive mind – you will love this fictional adventure.
Margaret Atwood decided to tell / retell the story of Penelope.
Who was Penelope?
Well, in comparison to her husband, famous Odysseus, she was nobody important, definitely not a person whose name could deserve a story.
His story covers a long period of time, over 20 years, anyone can recite the sequence of his adventures. Many of them have become literary symbols and are still present in culture. But Penelope? She was just an Odysseus’ wife, the one remembered for her faithfulness and a clever plan of deceiving her suitors. She waited 20 years for her husband’s return, and to this day she has been remembered to have woven a shroud during days and ripped it during nights, to avoid being remarried.
The paragon of a faithful wife.
Yet, Atwood tells her story from a new perspective. As the author wrote, she didn’t believe the story from the perspective of Odysseus – it just “didn’t hold water”, so she somehow made it more credible. However, it is not a story retold from the perspective of Penelope, the real storyteller in the novel is time and the people who lived in legendary days of immortalised heroes.
In a way this novel is an investigation – Atwood studied The Oddysey itself and found several puzzling surprises , among which there was one short sentence about 12 Penelope’s maids punished after Oddyseus had killed Penelope’s suitors. Why were they punished? What was their crime? Were they hung because they had served Penelope? Were they hung because they had betrayed her? Or the 20-year-absent lord of the house, Odysseus himself? Why were they sentenced to death?
You have to read this novel and find the answer yourself.
Written by Joanna Szymańska
Illustrated by Valeriya Goncharova 3C
THE PAPER COFFIN
Don’t be afraid. This poem
is not about death really.
It is only an impression,
a thought that has stuck to
coils inside a skull
and wants to be released.
I realised today that I do not
have any control over the poems
that left my head and
slid on a sheet of paper.
These poems are dead
and alive at the same time.
A secretive process,
I don’t know how to change them.
They don’t let me.
As long as they were inhabitants
of my mind
they were my children,
sometimes quarrelsome, sometimes promising,
but always obedient.
Now, since they are lying in front of me,
I am reading their bodies.
alien bodies consisting of words.
Their eyelids are closed, I cannot notice
any glimpse of recognition. It’s me, your mother! Written by Joanna Szymańska
They don’t want to listen. They’ve left me. Illustrated by Kornelia Biel 2G
They lie still in a paper coffin.
WHAT'S INTERESTING IN LITERATURE
I would like to recommend a book by Elena Ferrante, “L’amica geniale”, which in Polish translation is “Genialna przyjaciółka”.
This is a story of friendship that grows on dusty soil of a poor Naeapolitan district. The central plot seems to concentrate on amity of two girls, Lena and Lila, but these are the girls’ relations with the entire world: peers, families and their tradition, streets, the district of Naples they live, finally with Italy itself , that is the true heart of this novel.
The story is told from the perspective of one of the girls, Elena who finds out that her best friend Lila has just vanished and, what is more, does not want to be found. That is the moment when Lena decides to tell the story of 60 years of their tangled relation. And so she does- masterfully.
Because it is not only the story of adventures and girlish chit-chats, it is the story of struggle to find a place in the unwelcoming world. Thanks to Ferrante’s narrative style the reader can experience that struggle from the very beginning and observe the italian reality through the eyes of little girls, than teenagers, finally women. It is a fascinating process, when it is possible to learn the realia of contemporary world along with the characters. First observations are limited to crampy space of staircases and playground, they gradually expand with the topography of streets and the district, then one day they lead to the exploration of the city of Naples.
The style of writing used by Ferrante is truly unique. The author manages to portray not only the history of Naples, but the history of Italy itself, writing about seemingly trivial friendship of young people. The talks they have with their friends bring readers the insight into social processes that took place in Italy those days. It is as though the author had a power to tell exceptionally complex story depicting everyday, mundane situations.
Definitely worth reading!